SSL コンテキストオプション — SSL コンテキストオプションの一覧
ssl:// および tls:// トランスポート用のコンテキストオプションです。
注意: SNI (Server Name Indication) を使うには、PHP のコンパイル時に OpenSSL 0.9.8j 以降を使わなければなりません。SNI をサポートしているかどうかは
User Contributed Notes 7 notes
There is also a crypto_type context. In older versions this was crypto_method. This is referenced on http://php.net/manual/en/function.stream-socket-enable-crypto.php.
I am unable to load a PEM that was generated with the stunnel tools. However, I am able to use PHP calls to generate a working PEM that is recognized both by stunnel and php, as outlined here:
This code fragment is now working for me, and with stunnel verify=4, both sides confirm the fingerprint. Oddly, if "tls://" is set below, then TLSv1 is forced, but using "ssl://" allows TLSv1.2:
$stream_context = stream_context_create([ 'ssl' => [
'local_cert' => '/path/to/key.pem',
'peer_fingerprint' => openssl_x509_fingerprint(file_get_contents('/path/to/key.crt')),
'verify_peer' => false,
'verify_peer_name' => false,
'allow_self_signed' => true,
'verify_depth' => 0 ]]);
$fp = stream_socket_client('ssl://ssl.server.com:12345',
$errno, $errstr, 30, STREAM_CLIENT_CONNECT, $stream_context);
fwrite($fp, "foo bar\n");
while($line = fgets($fp, 8192)) echo $line;
CN_match works contrary to intuitive thinking. I came across this when I was developing SSL server implemented in PHP. I stated (in code):
- do not allow self signed certs (works)
- verify peer certs against CA cert (works)
- verify the client's CN against CN_match (does not work), like this:
stream_context_set_option($context, 'ssl', 'CN_match', '*.example.org');
I presumed this would match any client with CN below .example.org domain.
Unfortunately this is NOT the case. The option above does not do that.
What it really does is this:
- it takes client's CN and compares it to CN_match
- IF CLIENT's CN CONTAINS AN ASTERISK like *.example.org, then it is matched against CN_match in wildcard matching fashion
Examples to illustrate behaviour:
(CNM = server's CN_match)
(CCN = client's CN)
- CNM=host.example.org, CCN=host.example.org ---> OK
- CNM=host.example.org, CCN=*.example.org ---> OK
- CNM=.example.org, CCN=*.example.org ---> OK
- CNM=example.org, CCN=*.example.org ---> ERROR
- CNM=*.example.org, CCN=host.example.org ---> ERROR
- CNM=*.example.org, CCN=*.example.org ---> OK
According to PHP sources I believe that the same applies if you are trying to act as Client and the server contains a wildcard certificate. If you set CN_match to myserver.example.org and server presents itself with *.example.org, the connection is allowed.
Everything above applies to PHP version 5.2.12.
I will supply a patch to support CN_match starting with asterisk.
I used this for Apple Push Notification Service.
Passed in a local certificate filename `cert.pem` trough local_cert option.
Worked fine, when invoked the script directly.
But when I included/required the script from a different location, it stopped working, without any explicit error message.
Resolved by passed in the full path for the file `<FullPathTo>cert.pem`.
i usually download root CA certificate from https://curl.haxx.se/docs/caextract.html then put it as 'cafile' and it work almost all of the time.
the only problem i'v ever found is when the server does not properly sending intermediete CA certificate, then, you must add it manually to the file.
If you want to validate the server against a local certificate, which you already saved, to further validate the target server, you have to use a fullchain.pem. Then the verify_peer option will work. So just get the server certificate, and search the root CA's pem's and copy everything into a single file. For example:
My certificate has the "GeoTrust TLS RSA CA G1" certificate in the chain, so you google that string. Go to the official digicert Geotrust page and download the "GeoTrustTLSRSACAG1.crt" certificate. Then you can use the following command to convert it into the pem format:
openssl x509 -inform DER -in GeoTrustTLSRSACAG1.crt -out GeoTrustTLSRSACAG1.crt.pem -outform PEM
It appears that "allow_self_signed" does not and cannot apply to the local_cert option.
The stunnel verify=4 option, which verifies but ignores a CA, has no analog in these settings, which is unfortunate.
Even more perplexingly, while the "openssl verify -CAfile" is successful, PHP appears unable to use the new ca/crt pair in any configuration.
I did actually link my PHP against a copy of LibreSSL 2.3.8, but PHP oddly is unable to use TLS1.1 or 1.2. It does, however, enable EC secp521r1 (of which my native OpenSSL 0.9.8e is incapable).